La importancia de los DEA para niños pequeños


When you hear the words “sudden cardiac arrest,” what comes to mind? You will surely imagine an adult in an emergency situation. Well, although this is the most common, it is possible that adolescents and children may also suffer sudden cardiac arrests – something that is not normally considered when it comes to informing about this issue.

It is commonly known that the use of automated external defibrillators (AEDs) can save the lives of adults anywhere in the world. However, many people have doubts about the correct method for children and babies regarding the use of AEDs, and whether it is really safe to use defibrillators to help them in situations of sudden cardiac arrest.

To answer any questions you may have about AEDs for children, we have developed a quick guide that can help and clarify this issue.

¿Pueden utilizarse los DEA en niños?

Although there are stages that must be followed before using an AED in a child, the simplest answer is yes, AEDs can and should be used to help a child suffering from sudden cardiac arrest. According to the rules of the Paediatric Advanced Life Support, once basic life support has been provided and CPR has been administered for the child , a defibrillator can be used whenever the pads are used correctly.

Remember to always be careful when using an AED, but even more so when it comes to a child suffering from a sudden cardiac arrest.

¿Qué edad es segura para utilizar un desfibrilador?

The AEDs were originally created for use in adults, but it is safe to use them also in children older than 1 year. Due to the energy production levels of the AEDs, it is important to use pediatric defibrillation patches.

Pediatric pads help to adjust the energy levels produced by the defibrillator – so that for children under 8 years of age this means that the patches must be 8-12 cm., While for babies, they must have a pad of 4.5 cm

If pediatric patches are not available, adult pads can be used in children under 8 years of age as long as they are placed in different places.

¿Cuáles son los lugares adecuados para colocar un DEA en niños y bebés?

The DEA rules for babies indicate that the pediatric pad should be placed just below the right clavicle, while the other at the level of the armpit line.

If an adult patch is used on a child younger than 8 years old, you should place a pad on the front of the chest, and another on the back to avoid touching each other.

Un niño está sufriendo una parada cardíaca súbita, ¿qué debo hacer?

First, keep calm – a calm mind is vitally important.

If you believe that the child shows signs of sudden cardiac arrest, and does not give signs of response, or does not breathe, get help – from the people around him and from emergency services, immediately start CPR and send someone to look for the nearest defibrillator.

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